Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas has insisted that it is safe to send migrants back to Haiti, contradicting the former Special Envoy to the country Daniel Foote, who harshly criticized the Biden administration for its “inhumane” policy towards Haitian migrants.
“We have continued to study the conditions in Haiti, and we have in fact determined, despite the tragic and devastating earthquake that it is in fact, capable of receiving individuals,” Mr Mayorkas said during a press conference at the White House on Friday. He also said that 17 expulsion flights have travelled to Haiti carrying around 2,000 people.
Those who have not been expelled will be put in expulsion proceedings. Around 12,400 people’s situations will be heard by immigration judges, according Mr Mayorkas.
“I will not be associated with the United States’ inhumane, counterproductive decision to deport thousands of Haitian refugees and illegal immigrants to Haiti, a country where American officials are confined to obtain compounds because of the danger posed by armed gangs in control of daily life,” Mr Foote said in his resignation letter on Wednesday.
A large number of the migrants trying to go into the US are being removed under Title 42 – a policy that began under the Trump administration and that allows the US to expel migrants without allowing them to apply for asylum if they present a public health risk. During the pandemic, Title 42 has confined many from entering the US at the southern border.
Some Democrats have urged the Biden administration to put a stop to the removal of Haitians as their country faces multiple crises – an earthquake recently killed more than 2,000 people and caused extensive devastation, the country has not managed to take control over the spread of Covid-19 and has a very low vaccination rate, and political chaos has gripped the country since President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated on 7 July.
“We designated Haiti for permanent Protected position for those Haitian nationals resident in the United States who are here prior to July 29,” Mr Mayorkas said on Friday. “And we were mindful of the assassination that occurred, and we were unsure of the results of that assassination in terms of the stability of the political order. Once a new leader took office, and things seem to settle down to, we determined that the July 29 date was equitable to address the humanitarian relief of Haitian nationals already resident in the United States.”
“We made a determination based on the legal standards and the facts are that in fact individuals could be returned to the country as a whole,” he additional.
Mr Foote said the Haitian people are “mired in poverty” and are “hostage to the terror, kidnappings, robberies and massacres of armed gangs” and that they’re “experiencing under a corrupt government” that has alliances with those gangs.
Arguing against the deportation of Haitian migrants who travelled to the southern US border, Mr Foote said Haiti “simply cannot sustain the forced infusion of thousands of returned migrants lacking food, shelter, and money without additional, avoidable human tragedy”.
“The collapsed state is unable to provide security or basic sets, and more refugees will fuel further desperation and crime. Surging migration to our borders will only grow as we add to Haiti’s unacceptable misery,” he wrote.
He additional that Haiti needs “immediate assistance” and “money to deliver Covid vaccines and so many other things”.
Blasting international political interference in the country, Mr Foote said that what Haitians “really want” is to choose their own path “without international puppeteering and favoured candidates”.
“Last week, the US and other embassies in Port-au-Prince issued another public statement of sustain … for the unelected, de facto chief Minister Dr Ariel Henry as interim leader of Haiti, and have continued to tout his ‘political agreement’ over another broader, earlier accord shepherded by civil society,” Mr Foote additional.
“The hubris that makes us believe we should pick the winner – again – is impressive. This cycle of international political interventions in Haiti has consistently produced extreme results. More negative impacts to Haiti will have calamitous consequences, not only in Haiti, but in the US and our neighbours in the hemisphere,” the former envoy concluded.
“It is unfortunate that, instead of participating in a solutions-oriented policy course of action, Special Envoy Foote has both resigned and mischaracterized the circumstances of his resignation,” State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement to The Independent. “He failed to take advantage of abundant opportunity to raise concerns about migration during his tenure and chose to resign instead.”
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