History of Mississippi

History of Mississippi

Mississippi has been the arena for great historical developments and the state has played its part in carrying many an ardent explorer down it’s currents.

The first Native Americans who occupied the Mississippi in the early part of the second millennium AD and whose tribes descended from this Mississippian culture include the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Natchez, Yazoo and the Biloxi.

The first expedition came here in 1540, led by the Spaniard Hernando de Soto. The first settlement in this area however was by Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville in 1699 in Old Springs or present day Old Biloxi. In 1716, the predominant trading post of Mississippi was the town of Fort Rosalie or present day Natchez. After lasting Spanish, British and French rule, the Mississippi area was finally deeded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris, after the French and Indian War.

On April 7, 1798 the Mississippi Territory was structured from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina and was later augmented to twice it’s size to include disputed territory that had been claimed by the US and Spain. Land was bought by treaties from Native American tribes from 1800 to 1830 for tis purpose and on December 10th, 1817 Mississippi was the 20th state admitted to the Union.

The cultivation of cotton in the 1850s in the high Delta and Black Belt regions made the plantation owners of the area wealthy and increased the need for slave population causing large-extent economic disparity which played a principal role in both the state politics and the sustain for secession.

Mississippi seceded from the Union on January 9, 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America in February. With the defeat of the Confederacy, it was admitted to the Union again under the new terms of Reconstruction on Februaury 23, 1870.

The era between 1877 and 1940 typified the thorough South and saw the birth and spread of American music traditions such as gospel music, jazz music, blues and rock and roll. The early twentieth century was noted for authors such as Tennessee Williams and William Faulkner.

Between 1945 and 2000 Mississippi was the centrifugal point for American Civil Rights Movement when a number of people voiced their sustain to obtain voting and other rights for African-Americans, spawning strong opposition from some politicains and members of the Ku Klux Klan. Mississippi earned the reputaiton of a reactionary state during the 60s due to the activities of this Klan.

Prohibition was repealed last here as was the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendement, in 1966 and 1995 respectively.

Mississippi has been the victim of two hurricanes that caused large-extent destruction, killing many people and damaging character. August 17, 1969 witnessed a Category 5 Hurricane Camille and more recently Hurricane Katrina hit Mississippi on August 29, 2005 causing immense damage across the complete 90 miles of the Mississippi Gulf coast from Lousiana to Alabama.

In recent years Mississippi has been in the public eye for its political conservatism, improved civil rights and increasing industrialisation. It is exceptional how the vicinity sprung back after the setback of Hurricane Katrina hitting its shores.

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